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Johnsing

人生是一种长期而持续的累积过程

 
 
 

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2009年高考英语单项选择精讲精练(一)  

2009-04-06 12:55:07|  分类: 高中英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

 

A组

1. I’m _____Chinese and I do feel ______Chinese language is ______most beautiful          language .    

    A. /, the, a          B. a, /, the         C. a, the, /           D. a, /, a        

2.There has to ________ a well-developed system that can give people a warning when a tsunami(海啸)is          the way.

 A.have…in      B.be…in     C.have…on     D.be…on

3.The film “A World without Thieves”________ a great success and brought in a large profit to the cinema .

 A.appreciated     B.enjoyed    C.won         D.seized

4.I’d appreciate ____ if you would turn the radio down .

 A.that           B.it         C.this          D.you

5. I thought Father would be better, but _______it is, he is getting worse, which makes me more worried.

A. before                B. as               C. because            D. after

6.I think you’ve got to the point ________ a change is needed , otherwise you’ll fail .

 A.when           B.which       C.where      D.there

7. --What about going to attend his birthday party tomorrow evening?

   --That'll depend on my work, but it _______ be a suitable time for me.

    A. must                 B. should            C. might            D. will

8.—I say, Harry. What did you say to the laid-off worker just now?

   —Nothing. I ________ to myself.

 A.had only talked  B.am only talking   C.have just talked  D.was just talking

9. After Japan marked the Diaoyu Island as its own land on a new map, some citizens ____ an  anti-Japanese movement.

    A. called on         B. called in         C. called off         D. called for

10. The most destructive natural disaster, tsunami, came unexpectedly _____ the tourists could leave the coast.

 A. after             B. while         C. when            D. before

11.—Lend me some more money, will you?

   —Sorry, I’ve got ______ at hand myself. You know the MP3 player cost me all I had just now.

   A. nothing            B. no             C. none             D. not

12. As is known to all,  _____ Yang Liwei has become a space hero is ____ we have expected.

   A. that; which         B. what; that       C. what; which       D. that; what

13. ___ here, come and have a cup of tea.

A. Passing               B. To pass          C. Pass             D. Having passed

14. The number 9.11 is a special number, _____, I think, that will be remembered by the Americans for ever.

  A. what             B. it               C. which            D. one

15.— Do remember to take this medicine three times a day with warm boiled water.

  — _________.

  A. Heard it          B. Made it           C. Got it            D. Taken it

B组

1.—You’ve made lots of mistakes in the exam.

 — ________.

—I’ll give you a second chance.

A. You must be kidding     B. I’m afraid not        C. How come?        D. So what?

2. Scientists are racing ________ time in order to find a cure for bird flu as soon as possible.

 A. along with              B. against                C. around               D. ahead of

3. Darkness ________ , so we had to stop our journey and stayed on a farm for the night.

 A. happened                  B. spread                  C. broke               D. fell

4. Having my passenger in my car, I just wondered how I could ________ the station since there was a traffic jam ahead.

A. make it to            B. reach for          C. speed up          D. see him off

5. The direction ______ which the president would go was kept secret ______ safety concern.

 A. for; over             B. from; about          C. in; for            D. at; as

6. The machine has been used many years. ________ it doesn’t work well occasionally.

A. That’s because         B. It’s no wonder that    C. There’s no doubt if         D. It’s unlikely that

7.  _______ teacher of my grandmother’s is coming the day after tomorrow. I’m wondering

how old  _______ woman she should be.

A. The; a                  B. A; a               C. A; the           D. The; the

8. The novels written by the author sell best, but five years ago no one could have imagined how great a role he ________ in the literary (文学的) world.

 A. was playing            B. was to play          C. had played       D. played

9. —Where do Dr. Kleitman and his assistant come from?

 —I’m not sure, but their English ________ Australia.

 A. suggests               B. sounds              C. shows         D. means

10. They are only children of not more than twelve and don’t realize ________ to organize such an exhibition.

A. when they take          B. what it takes         C. how they take          D. what takes them

11. When we worked in the same office, we ________ often have coffee together.

A. would                 B. should              C. could         D. ought to

12. —Your suit looks very expensive. It must cost you       .

   — ________. Half of my month’s salary.

 A. an arm and a leg     B. a small dish of vegetable  C. a piece of cake       D. cats and dogs

13. — ________ of Hangzhou has your brother covered since he came here?

   —About half of it, I guess

 A. How far       B. How much      C. How wide          D. How many

14. —How are you getting on with your business?

 —I’m glad to say it is ________.

A. turning up      B. picking up      C. breaking up      D. taking up

15. He raised his gun, pointed it at a bear and  ________ aim, shot at it.

A. took careful      B. taking careful       C. to take careful       D. taken careful

答案与解析 

A组

1. A  前空 Chinese 是形容词作表语,无需冠词;中空Chinese表示语言后有 language时要加定冠词;后空 most=very (非常,极其,很)加不定冠词。

2. D  前空属 there be 句型。on the way表示“就要来临,即将……” 。                                      

3. B  enjoy (享受,享有,享用)可与success搭配。win (赢得)常与比赛、奖项、胜利或荣誉等搭配。

4. B  like, love, appreciate, hate, see to, depend on等词语接从句时,要用 it 作形式宾语。

5. B  as it is 象现在这个样子。

6. C  where引导定语从句修饰 the point。

7. C  might表示推测。因前句说了“依工作而定”,可见把握性不大。

8. D  表示“我刚才说话时是在自言自语” 。

9. D  call for 掀起(运动); call on后一般接人。

10. D  before sb. could do sth. 某人还没有来得及干某事。

11. C  none = no money。当前面提到某物,后面要表示“没有此物” 时只可用 none, 不可用 nothing, 因为 nothing 范围扩大了。

12. D  前空关联词不作成分;后空关联词要作宾语。

13. A  现在分词短语作时间状语。 Passing here = When you pass here。

14. D  one 作a special number的同位语。若无 that,可选 which。

15. C  Got it(口语)我听到了,我知道。

B组

1. D. 根据 “I’ll give you a second chance” 确定D。So what? = If so, what should I do?

2. B. race against time 与时间赛跑。其它不符合习惯搭配。

3. D. 夜幕降临。

4. A. make it 成功,搞定,办成某事。

5. C. in…direction 朝着……方向。

6. B. It’s no wonder that …  难怪……。A中because 要改为why; C中if要改为 that。

7. B. “n. + of one’s” 结构中的n前不能用the,而要用a/ this / that。后空a woman是作表语,意为“她是一位怎样的妇女”。若去掉she,则填the。

8. B. 指五年前着眼看来后来发生的事,即“过去将来”。

9. A. 暗示,表明,使人想起。

10. B. It takes (sb.) some time to do sth. 句型。

11. A. would = used to 过去常常

12. A. 部分否定。

13. B. 指多大面积。

14. B. pick up 恢复,有好转。在此喻指生意兴隆起来。

15. B. 分词作状语。若and位于shot 前,则选A作并列谓语。

 

2009年高考英语单项选择精讲精练二

A组

1. We stood at the top of the mountain           east of the city , watching            burning sun rising .

A.不填;a          B.the; a         C.the; the         D.不填;the

2. — If I report it to the police, they’ll want to know where I found it.

   — ___________?

   —They might want to know what I was doing there.

A. Why not           B. Can’t you tell them    C. What can I do for you   D. What’s wrong with them

3.----That was a green dinner. _______

 ----Thanks. But it really only took an hour.

A. I have never had it before.                   B. I enjoyed it very much.

C. You must have spent all day cooking.          D. You must be tired.

4. She is an easy-going person . It          easy to get her to agree .

A.should be fairly    B.must be fairly        C.may be rather      D.would be rather

5.There’s no _____ from my bedroom window except for some factory chimneys.

A. view              B. scene              C. sight             D. look

6.In preparing scientific reports of laboratory experiments , you should           your findings in logical order and clear language .

A.write            B.raise              C.present         D.put

7.A sheep        on this kind of special grass usually grows much faster than      on ordinary .

A.fed; one             B.feeds; the one        C.fed; that          D.feeding; it

8.Your desk is crowded with too many unnecessary things. You have to        some of them.

A.remain          B.reduce           C.remove        D.return

9. People try to avoid public delays by using their own cars, and this _____ creates further problems.

A. in turn                 B. once again            C. in case              D. after all

10. So absorbed _____ in her work that she didn’t realize I was behind her.

A.did she           B.was she             C.she did            D.she was

11. The secretary has a lot of things to  ____ in the office since she has been away for quite a few days.

A. take up                  B. make up              C. work out           D. carry out

12. _____ human beings live in large numbers, the waters are very likely to be polluted.

A. That                     B. Where                   C. Once               D. As

13. He has been dismissed and will have to _____ over the charge of his office tomorrow.

A. take                B. hand                 C. get                  D. go 

14. “ How could you lose so much money?” Charlie asked his wife, eyeing her angrily from ____ the kitchen table.

A. at                 B. across                C. through            D. on

15. — The former president of Iraq was caught at last.

— Really? Where _____ himself?   

A. has he hidden      B. had he hidden          C. was he hidden         D. has he been hidden

B组

1. Managers in excellent companies have a strong _____ for doing things rather than talking about situations.

A. opinion             B. feeling             C. idea               D. preference

2. It was almost impossible for an Indian to gain even _____ fair education and extremely difficult, as a result, for an Indian to rise high in _____ life.

A. a; /                  B. /; a               C. /; /                 D. a; the

3. The Maori _____ in New Zealand for about 1,000 years, but their present lifestyle and culture differ little from _____ of their ancestors.

A. have lived; that            B. had been living; ones

C. have been living; those      D. have been living; the one

4. Whatever the situation is, the fact should not ______ the people who are willing to take a risk.

A. be kept up           B. be kept in with       C. be kept on         D. be kept from

5. Workers that have developed unique skills have _____ a lot of success either in jobs or in their own businesses.

A. appreciated          B. enjoyed             C. won              D. seized

6. --It’s _____ to rain. 

-- Let’s get the work _____ before the rain comes.

A. likely, done                  B. possible, to be finished

C. probable, to be done           D. likely, to be finished

7. The time is not far away        modern communications will become widespread in China’s vast countryside.

A. as                   B. until                C. before           D. when

8. Regulations require _____ need special diets _____ the cooking manager in advance.

A. who; informs           B. whom; informed    C. whomever; inform     D. whoever; inform

9. He got lost and spent hours looking for the station, and _____ it was past midnight by the time he got home.

A. someway             B. anyway              C. somehow           D. somewhat

10. --Jenny took the 8:00 bus to Guangzhou this morning.

--Really? He _____the 9:00 train. It’s much more comfortable and safer to travel by train.

A. could have taken         B. should take          C. must have taken       D. can take

11. To everyone’s disappointment, progress has slowed in the peace talks ____ international pressure.

A. though                 B. as                C. despite               D. instead of

12. The sound of happy laughter ______ memories of his childhood.

A. called for             B. called on         C. called up            D. called at

13. Finding her car stolen, _____.

A. a policeman was asked to help    B. the area was searched thoroughly

C. it was looked for everywhere     D. she hurried to a policeman for help

14. So interested _____ in sunbathing that they often go south with their families on weekends.

A. is the English          B. the English is    C. are the English       D. the English are

15. --How about going to a concert this weekend?

--______? It’s a few months since I enjoyed myself in the last one.

A. Why                  B. Why not         C. What for            D. What

答案解析

A组

1. A. 方位词作副词时前面不加冠词。sun, moon 等前面有描绘性形容词修饰时用不定冠词。如:a golden sun, a grey moon。

2. B. 从对话语境可知,前者已打算不报警,后者无需向他提报警建议(why not?)

3. B. 从Thanks可知填B。A项中it 应改为such one。

4. A. should 表示“按照正常情况理应该……”。

5. A. view景色,风景(尤指远景);scene 风景,场面(尤指人、动作);sight 视觉,视力,视野,眼界;look面容,容貌。

6. C. present = state = set out表述,阐述,陈述。

7. A. 前空是过去分词作定语;后空one = a sheep,系泛指。

8. C. 拿掉,移开。

9. A. in turn 反过来。

10. B. 倒装句。be absorbed in 专心致志,聚精会神,全神贯注。

11. B. 把离开几天中错过的事情“补”起来。

12. B. 地点状语从句。

13. B. 由dismiss (炒鱿鱼)可知填hand over (移交)。

14. B. across 在……对面。

15. B. 在抓获之前身藏何处?

B组

1. D句意是:优秀企业的管理者都特别偏爱做实事而不是夸夸其谈。have a preference for对……有偏爱。名词的“可数”与“不可数”是高考命题的热点之一。不可数名词前不能与不定冠词连用,之后不能加-s。有些抽象名词却有复数形式,但意义与原来词不同。有些可数名词复数有两个意思,一个与单数意义相同,另一个和单数含义不同,高考中这些含义很可能成为考查的内容。词语的固定搭配及名词作定语也是高考命题的注意点。

2.A句意是:印第安人连获得正当的教育机会都几乎不可能,因而,要想出人头地更是难上加难。and后一个分句承前省略了it was。education是不可数名词,但有形容词修饰时,表示“一次,一场”等。in life固定词组,意为“一生中,人生中”。不可数名词的可数化是近年考得较多的冠词考点。不可数名词前一般不加不定冠词。但某些物质名词和抽象名词如:tea, rain, water, snow, ink, soup, coffee, surprise, pity, pleasure, delight, joy, education, history, love, courage, success, failure, comfort, beauty, knowledge 用来表示“一种”、“一类”、“一场”、“一阵”、“一番”“具体的人或事”等意时,其前常加不定冠词。

3. C句意是:毛利人在新西兰生活了大约1000年,但他们的生活方式和文化与他们祖先的没有多大区别。have been living是现在完成进行时,表示“生活”这一动作从过去开始一直延续到现在,还可能继续下去;句中的主语是两件事物lifestyle and culture,代词those 是that的复数形式,指“那些”,表示特指,代指提到的或已知的复数名词。如:Salaries are lower here than those in my city. 这里的薪水没有我市高。ones 代指上文出现的或已知的复数名词,也是类指,可以用冠词或形容词来修饰。如:The students who are most successful are usually the ones who come to all the classes. 成绩最好的学生往往是出全勤的那些人。that 特指意义。既可以代指较远的人或物,也可以指已经提到的或已知的人或物,还可以用来代指前面整句话的意思。不能用冠词或形容词修饰。高考命题常出现“替代省略干扰”。所谓替代省略,是用其它词代替句子中重复或相同的部分。通常有这么几个情况:(1)用it, one, that替代句子中重复出现的名词、代词或句子;one是指代同名称的另一样东西(同类异物),代替前面出现过的可数名词;that替代特指可数或不可数名词,后面常跟有in或of短语作后置定语;it指代同名称的同样事物(同类同物)。(2) 在两个分句中,当两者(人或物)情况相同时,用so, neither/nor引起第二个分句,表示前面的情况也适用于后者。(3) 用do, did , does来代替前面出现的动词形式等。

4. D句意是:无论是何种情况,对于那些愿意去冒险的人都不能隐瞒事实。此处是keep sth. from sb.的被动结构,意为“使某事不让某人了解,使某人远离某事”。高考试题对句型结构的考查往往通过改变句子的正常结构,如利用强调句,疑问句,被动句、倒装句,感叹句,拆分句等变式句的特殊结构,造成某种搭配的假象,从而达到干扰目的。这类题,有相当大的迷惑性,极易导致学生上当。估计今后高考试题不会降低对这些特殊句型结构的考查力度。解此类题,通常采用“还原法”。我们只要恢复它的庐山真面目,解题就顺理成章了。

5. B句意是:有特殊技能的工人在工作中或在他们自己的事业中都很成功。enjoy a lot of success固定词组,相当于be very successful。动词固定搭配是各类考试的重点,高考试题中,单项填空、完形填空和改错等三项题型中,动词固定搭配的比重较大,并逐年增加。

6. A句意是:很可能会下雨。我们在雨来之前将工作做完吧。“It is possible / probable / likely +that从句”这三者只是在可能性的大小上有差别,在句式上都是成立的。第二空构成“get+宾语+过去分词”句型,表示“使某事完成或解决”。形容词和非谓语动词是高考试题必考内容,07年各省市高考试题都出现了此类试题,可见其重要。

7. D句意是:在中国广大农村将广泛使用现代通信的日子已不远了。先行词time与定语从句被谓语隔开,C项有较大的干扰性。定语从句通常被命题者用来增加句子结构的复杂性。插入定语从句后,句子结构变得复杂起来。主干成分也不再清晰,学生很可能被定语从句所造成的假象所蒙蔽,从而造成思维错位。通常采用省略定语从句的方法来分析句子结构。做题时,去掉定语从句后,句子就变得简明起来,答案也就比较容易看看出来了。

8.D句意是:条例规定需要特餐的人应当提前通知膳食经理。require之后接宾语从句,从句的谓语动词用“should+动词原形”,should常省略,因此第二空用inform,可排除A、B。在宾语从句中又包含主语从句,主语从句中缺少主语,因此用代词的主格,可排除C。一般说来,命题人通过变换句子的正常结构,利用词语的不同意义和用法,词形的变化,标点符号,搭配,转折连词等设置干扰语境,从而误导学生。做此类陷阱题时,考生必须要认真审题,弄清句子的基本结构,分析句子所处的语境,找出语境创新之处,才能了解句子的真正含义,做出正确的选择。

9. B句意是:他迷路了,找车站花了几个小时,他到家时至少半夜了。anyway相当于anyhow,意为“即使如此;至少”,用来引出更重要的话题。someway与somehow同义,表示“以某种方式或途径”。somewhat达到某种程度。分清常用同义与近义副词在表达中的语义差别,这是高考对副词考查的重点要求。

10.A上句表示珍妮已乘坐8点的汽车去广州了。答句意义是:他本可以坐9点的火车去,坐火车舒服得多,安全得多。“情态动词could+完成式”表示“本来可以”,而实际上并没有。“情态动词+have done”的用法是高考对情态动词知识点考查的热点,不同的情态动词与have done连用有不同的意义,但都是对过去事物的推测。

11. C句意是:令大家失望的是,尽管在国际压力之下,和平谈判的进展还是减慢了。despite是介词,相当于in spite of ,though和as作连词,引导从句;instead of代替,而不是。高考对介词的考查主要集中在各种介词意义的差别和与其它词类的固定搭配,这需要我们评时多注意积累。

12. C句意是:这欢笑声使他回忆起童年时代的情景。call up回忆起(想起)某事物;call for需要;call on拜访某人;call at参观某地。

13. D句意是:发现她的车被盗了,她马上报警。现在分词finding所表示的动作的执行者是she,因此所填答案中必须用she作主语,因为分词的逻辑主语必须与主句的主语保持一致。非谓语动词形式不能在句中单独作谓语用,因而没有语法主语。但可以有逻辑主语。非谓语动词在英语语法中占有特殊且重要的位置。非谓语动词形式多样,应用广泛,且在句中起着很活跃的作用,也是语法项目中的重点和难点,学好非谓语动词,才能正确进行口语和书面的交流。

14.C so interested表语位于句首用倒装语序,可排除B、D;主语是the English,谓语动词用复数。英语中有些以-sh,-ese,-ch结尾的表示国家、民族的形容词与the连用时表示复数意义,谓语动词用复数。又如:The English like to be with their families at Christmas. 英国人喜欢在圣诞节与家人团聚。 The Chinese are kind and friendly. 中国人善良、友好。

15.B答语意义是:好哇,自上次听过音乐会之会已有几个月没有玩得很痛快了。解答此题,首先要理解答语有“很想去”的内涵,同时要了解why not在口语中的意义,why not用以对某一建议表示同意。高考试题对交际情景的考查通常以应答为主,提问为辅;以跨文化交际中中英差异明显的交际项目为重点考查对象。

 

 

2009年高考英语单项选择精讲精练三

A组

1 .— Jenny looks hot and dry.

— So______ you if you had a high fever.

A. will               B.do             C.are                D.would

2. The joke told by Tom made us______, so our maths teacher couldn’t make himself______.

A. laugh; hearing      B.laugh;heard    C. laughing; hear      D.laughed; to be heard

3. It was ______ the old clock that the old man spent the whole morning at home.

A. repairing            B. repaired       C. to repair             D. in repair

4. The old woman had a letter from her son in the army_____ to her.

A. read             B. write          C. written            D. received

5. She was so angry at all ______ I was doing ______ she walked out.

A. that; which         B. that; that       C. which; that           D. which; as to

6. ---May I take your order now?

   ---_______.

A. No,I'm in trouble now             B.Yes, we obey orders

C. Yes, I'd like a dish of chicken     D.No, I don't have a choice of meat

7. It made all the Chinese happy _____ China succeeded in sending up the first manned paceship.

A.when              B.because         C.that                  D.if

8. To our surprise, the painting considered______ should have won the prize.

A. being copied        B. having been copied    C. to have copied    D. to have been copied

9.— I like football.

— ______ my sister and me.

A.So do             B.So are        C.So did                D. So it is with

10. The music he is playing sounds_____.

A. nicely            B. sweetly       C. lively                 D. pleasantly

11. At the beginning of the party,______ of the guests was given a piece of paper.

A. everyone          B.each           C. every                 D.all

12.---If you like the new house, I suggest you buying it.

---But it's really too expensive. I can't______ it.

A. get               B. afford          C. supply               D. support

13. Is there a bookshop around ______ I can buy an English and Chinese dictionary?

A. which             B. where         C.that                  D.what

14. This photo of mine was taken ______ stood the famous Eastern Bright Pearl in Shanghai.

A. which            B. in which        C. where                D. there

15. He is neither______ European, nor______ American. He is from______ Australia.

A.a; a; /              B.a; an; the      C.a; an; /                D.an; an; /

 

 

B组

1. ----You look pale and upset.

  ----Yes, my girl friend _____ an online chat with me non-stop until six o’clock this morning.

  A. have been having     B. had had       C. was having       D. am having

2. The project that was put forward at the last meeting for a new theater got through as planned_____ some oppositions.

A. not to mention            B. as well as      C. on account of          D.regardless of

3.When I was at a loss, the thought of traveling abroad did____to me.

A. occur                 B. happen        C. strike             D. belong

4.Remember that you won't be able to cancel the contract ____you've signed.

A. before                B. until            C. once             D. though

5.---Of the two coats, which one do you prefer?

  ---____ more colorful one. It’s_____most fashionable one, personally.

  A.The; a             B. The; The          C. A; /            D. A; The

6. ---Do you allow your kids go out alone at night?

  ---_____. They are not old enough.

  A. At any time        B. Go ahead          C. In no case        D. Forget it

7.Premier Wen’s three-day visit to Japan, _____as the “ice-melt” trip, make a great difference to the relationship between China-Japan.

  A. intended            B. intending           C. having intended   D. to intend

8.She is always smart and cheating others. I can't believe she was ____ by him this time, who

is a little dull boy.

A. taken up              B. taken down         C. taken in           D. taken on

9. Jane is honest and never tends to hide her opinion. She must give you a(n) _____suggestion about it.

A. abrupt              B. ambiguous          C. straightforward    D. hesitant

10. Passengers are ______to look out of the window when the train is moving.

  A. forbidden          B.kept                 C. prevented          D. banned

11. After he retired, he keeps on taking exercise to kep fit______a good diet.

   A. except            B. in addition to         C. but for           D. other than

12. She don't know how she ____ the first couple of months after her husband’s death. 

A. got over            B. got through           C. given up          D. gave away.

13.We spent many years studying the formation of rocks ,.experiencing many sufferings and even dealth .But our hard work _____in the end, and we made it.

  A. paid off            B. paid back            C. given away         D. came out

14. I know what we're doing is legal, but ____ it doesn't feel right.

  A. somehow           B.anyhow               C. somewhat          D. however

15.---- To build a factory is beneficial to the locals, but on the other hand, it will be not      environmentally friendly.

  ---- That’s_____ environmental protection organizations disagree.

  A. what    B.where     C. how   D. which

 

答案解析

A组

1. D 这是一个虚拟语气。意为“如果你发高烧的话,你也会是这个样子。”

2. B 前一个made是一个使役动词,后接不带to的不定式作宾补。后面的make oneself heard为一习惯用法,意为“使(别人)听到自己的话”,故答案为B。

3. A 此为一强调句型,repairing the old clock在原句中充当介词in的宾语。

4. A 此句考查have sth. done(请别人做某事)句型。意为“这个老太太请人读她在部队的儿子寄来的信”。

5. B 前一个that引导一个定语从句修饰all,后一个that引导一个结果状语从句。

6. C order在此作名词,“点菜”之意。

7. C that引导主语从句。

8. D considered是过去分词作定语修饰the painting。consider后面要求接不定式作宾(主)补,故可排除A和B。the painting和copy之间存在被动的关系,且copy动作发生在consider之前,故答案为D。此句可译为:“令我们吃惊的是,那幅被认为是抄袭的绘画作品竟获了奖。”

9. D 此题的关键词是me。So do sb句式是一个倒装句,sb要求用代词主格形式,故选A是错误的。

10. C sound是连系动词,后面要求接形容词。而四个选项中,只有lively是形容词。

11. B everyone不能与of连用,every只作定语,不能作主语,all后面需接复数动词。故可排除A、C、D。

12. B afford与can,be able to连用,表示“负担得起……的费用、买得起……”,与题意相符;get则表示“得到”;supply表示“提供”;support表示“养活”。

13. B 首先要弄清楚around在这里不是介词,而是副词,意义上相当于nearby。定语从句的先行词是a bookshop,故定语从句用where引导。

14. C where引导地点状语从句。状语从句是一个倒装句。

15. C European以辅音音素开头,故用不定冠词a,American以元音音素开头,用不定冠词an。而Australia是国名,系专有名词,前面不能加任何冠词。

B组

1.C  until six o’clock this morning是一个过去的时间状语, 故用过去进行时表示过去持续的动作。注意A项的干扰作用。

2.D  句意: 上次会议上提出的建设新剧院的方案按计划顺利通过, 尽管有一些反对意见。regardless of意思为 “不管;不顾”, 符合句意。not to mention更不用说;as well as既…也(又);不仅…而且;on account of因为。

3.A句意:当我不知所措时,我突然有想出国旅游的想法。occur此处意思为 “想起;想到”, 与介词to连用,B、D项可以与介词to但无此意。而strike也可以指“想法”或“创意”突然产生,但用作及物动词。

4.C 句意:一旦签署了合同,你一定记住不能撤消。once用作从属连词,表示 “一旦……就……。

5.A 特指两者中较大的那一个用定冠词the; 此处most当 “非常”讲,相当于very, 不是最高级, 因为这里没有比较的范围。

6.C 由They are not old enough.可知对方不同意,In no case意思为“决不,在任何情况下都不”,符合题意。at any time在任何时候;go ahead表示同意别人的请求;forget it表示对别人请求的拒绝。

7.A  intend sth as sth意思为 “打算使……成为”, 其被动结构为 be intended as ath。所以用过去分词作状语。句意:温家宝总理对日本为期三天的访问,其目的是使之成为一次 “融冰之旅”, 对中日关系意义重大。

8.C  take in此处意思为“欺骗”,符合语境cheating others。take up开始从事;占用;化去;take down写下;记下;take on穿上;呈现;承担。

9.C straightforwar意思为 “坦率的;直截了当的”,由前一句可知C项符合题意。abrupt唐突的,鲁莽的;ambiguous含糊不清的;hesitant迟疑的;踌躇的。

10.A forbid sb to do sth意思为 “禁止某人做某事”, 被动结构为 be forbidden to do sth。而 be kept from doing sth;be prevented from doing sth;be banned from doing sth。

11.B in addition to意思为 “除……之外还有”。 other than的意思为相当于but, except。

but for要不是;except除……之外(不包括)。

12.B  get through意思为:to deal with a difficult or unpleasant experience,符合语境。get over克服; give up放弃;give away赠送;分发;泄露,故答案为B。

13.A pay off成功;得到回报。“最后我们的努力得到了回报, 我们成功了”。

14.A 句意:我知道我们所做的是合法的,但是不知为什么, 总觉得感到不对劲。somehow 意思为“由于某种未知的原因;不知怎么地;不知为什么”;符合题意。anyhow 无论如何;不管怎样;somewhat有点;稍微;however然而;可是。

15.B 句意: 这正是环境保护组织不赞成的地方。由where引导的表语从句。disagree为不及物动词,此处不能用what引导。

 

 

2009年高考英语单项选择精讲精练四

A组

1. I find ________ environment is getting worse and worse.

— Yes, that is because we human go against ________ nature.

A. the; the          B. the; ×           C. an; the            D. ×; the

2. The best job is ________which uses your skill in doing something together with your interest in the subject.

A. something        B. the one          C. one              D. it   

3. —You keep on coughing. What’s the matter?

—Oh, I’ve got a cold. Nothing serious, ________.

A. yet              B. indeed           C. though           D. anyway

4. —The cake is delicious.

—Well, at least it is ________ the one I baked last week.

A. as bad as         B. no worse than      C. no better than       D. not better than

5. The thing that ________ is not whether you fail or not, but whether you try or not.

A. matters          B. cares             C. considers           D. minds

6. It was very cold ____ they still went swimming.

A. although         B.but                C. however           D. though

7. I couldn't afford to rent a house like this,______buy it.

A. no longer         B. no more than        C. let alone          D. instead

8. A table made of steel costs more than ____ made of wood.

A. that              B. which             C.one               D.it

9. Very few experts have ____ with complete new answers to the world s economic problems.

A. come down         B. come around        C. come up           D. come to

10. The size of the audience, ____ we had expected, was well over one thousand.

A. whom             B. who                C. as                D. which

11. There are many inconveniences (不方便) that have to be ____ when you are camping.

A.put up with          B.put up              C. put off             D.put away

12. A new technique ____ out, the yields (收成) increased by 20% .

A. having working        B. having been working   C. has worked            D. had been worked

13. I should like to try that coat on, but I don t know if it is my ____.

A. length             B. measure             C.size              D. pattern

14. I didn’t mean ____ anything, but those apples looked so good I couldn t resist ____ one.

A. to eat; trying        B. to eat; to try         C. eating; trying      D. eating; to try

15. The house was sold for $60,000, which was far more than its real ____.

A. cost               B. value                C. price             D. money

 

B组

1. I tried to call on you last week but your dog simply ____ not let me come through the gate.

A. could               B. would            C. might            D. should

2. I wonder what it feels like to be one of______really rich. The Jenkinsons already have two Rolls Royces and now they are buying ____ third!

A.the; a               B.the;the            C./;a                D./;the

3. The second runway of Hong Kong International Airport was officially ____ on May 26,1990.

A. put into effect          B. made use of       C. taken notice of        D. put into use

4. I'm not ____ my best tonight. I'd better not have anything for supper. Perhaps you'd_____me some tea.

A. trying;give         B.doing;offer        C.making;bring      D.feeling; make

5. ---Hello,______

---It must be about two years since we last met. What have you been doing with yourself?

--- I've been doing all sorts of things.

A.I haven't seen you for ages         B how long have you been like this?

C. where have you been these years?    D.nice to see you again.

6. Has Jack handed in his English composition?

— Yes, but the teacher said that he ________ yesterday morning.

A. might get it done  B. should hand it in  C. ought to get it done   D. should have handed it in

7. —What do you think of our new English teacher?

— ________her clothes, she must be very strict. 

A. Passing by       B. Putting on       C. Taking off           D. Going by

8. China sent up Shenzhou V manned spaceship into space successfully, which shows science and technology________rapidly in China.

A. developed        B. develops         C. is developing        D. has developed

9. — I haven’t seen Tom for years. Any news about him?

  — He ________ in a toy factory for two years. Now he’s a farmer.

A. worked          B. has worked         C. had worked        D. would work

10. ______on time according to the directions, I think, the medicine will work on him before long.

A. Taken            B. Being taken           C. Taking it          D. Having taken it

11. The old man sat there quietly as if ________ in thought.

A. losing            B. was losing         C. lost              D. was lost

12. According to Bill Gates, the idea______we can play video games and receive E-mails without sitting at a keyboard will come true. However, it is unclear ____this kind of computer will be on sale and_______it will cost.

A. which; that; what  B. 不填; whether; how much  C. that; when; what D. that; that; how much

13. —The thread of my kite broke and it flew away.

—I told you it would easily break ________ it was the weakest.

A. when              B. for                  C. since              D. where

14. —Was it two months ago ____ you luckily got an opportunity to spend your holiday in Canada.

—_____. John was the lucky dog.

A. when, Not I          B. when, Not really        C. that, Not at all     D. that, Not me

15. —We’d better hurry; or we’ll be late.

一 ________? Do you really want to listen to the boring lecture?

A. For what            B. Take it easy           C. What on            D. So what

 

 

答案与详解

A组

1. B 指自然环境或生态环境时,environment前面要加the;作“自然、自然界”解的nature是不可数名词,前面通常不用冠词。

2. C 此处one = a job,指既能用到你的技术又是你感兴趣的“一类工作”。千万不要以为后面有定语从句修饰就是特指的,而误选D。

3. C 副词though常用于句末,意为“但是、然而”。另外,(and)yet也可表示“但是”,但要置于从句的前面。用indeed(的确)和anyway(无论如何),意思不通。

4. B no worse than = as good as与……一样好。请比较:no better than = as bad as与……一样差;not better than不比……好。

5. A  matter = is important要紧,重要。

6. B     but转折连词,表“但是”。

7. C     let alone。为固定短语“更不用说”、“不必考虑”。

8. C     不定代词one的用法,为避免重复,用one表泛指;that则表特指,不合此处用。

9. C     come up with提供,提出;come down下来,下降;come up走近,发芽,长出;come to来到,达到,结果是。

10. C     as引导非限制性定语从句,表“如同”。

11. A     put up with固定短语,容忍、忍耐;put up挂起,张贴,建起;put off延期,推迟;put away放好,把……收起来。

12. B     根据逗号分开可知空白处不能填入谓语动词,A项从形式上就不对,根据语境应该用现在分词的完成式,此处work out表示“产生结果;有预期的结果,发展为”例如:I wonder how their ideas worked out in practice?我很想知道他们的想法在实践中取得了什么结果。

13. C     size(服装等的)号码;pattern式样,图样;measure测量,尺寸。

14. A     mean to do sth打算做某事,resist(doing)sth固定用法,忍不住做某事。

15. B     value(物品本身的)价值,价格;price定价,价格;cost成本,费用。

B组

1. B     would和not连用,表“不肯,总是不”。

2. A    “the十形容词”表一类人或一类事物,the rich富人;a third又一。

3. D     put into use投入使用,启用;put into effect实行,实施;make use of利用,take notice of注意。

4. D     feel在这里表“身体不舒服”;make tea彻茶。

5. A     交际用语,表“好久不见”。

6. D  should have done sth 表示本该做某事但却没做。

7. D  go by依照……判断。pass by走过、漠视。

8. C  现在进行时表示现阶段正在发生的事。

9. A 由Now he’s a farmer可知,他过去在工厂工作过两年,用一般过时。此题极易因for two years而误选B和C;现在完成时包括现在在内,过去完成时需要与一个表示过去的时间或动作做对比,所以答案B和C都错了。

10. A  注意I think是插入语,句子主语the medicine与take(吃)是被动关系。

11. C 判断在as if, if, unless, when, while等连词后用现在分词还是过去分词的方法是:看主语与分词是主动关系还是被动关系。as if he was lost in thought=as if lost in thought。be lost in thought沉思。

12. C 第一空用that引导一个同位语从句;第二、三空分别用when和what(=how much)引导主语从句。

13. D  用where(在……的地方)引导一个地点状语从句。

14. D 去掉Was it后句子仍然成立,是强调结构,第一空填that;口语中简略回答用人称代词的宾格,Not me意为“不是我”。

15. D  So what?(那又怎么样?)是一个习语,用以承认某事属实,进而提问其重要性或是否某人要有何行动。

 

 

 

 

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